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The New Wonderful Peter Yang's variety blog - by The wonderful Peter Yang

 
The 15th century war between Japan and Korea, is one of the most significant war in history and it change the face of future war forever.

During the 10th~13th century, Asia invented the first missile, which was an arrow with a rocket attached to the back and sometime explosion attached to the head of the arrow, this weapon have a firing range up to 800 meters, significantly longer then a traditional bow and arrow, which only had a range of 300 meters max. It was a critically important weapon, in the creation of the Mongolia Empire.

For the next few hundred years, Asia went into an arm race, to find more creative ways to improve this weapon, against their enemy. During the 14th~15th century, the first multi phase rocket launcher was invented.



Modern Russian Multi phase rocket launcher


15th century Korean multi phase rocket launcher


But the first war that put the effectiveness of this sort of weapon on the map was a 15th century war, between Japan and Korea, proving its important and set its place in military history and let it travel throughout the world and then be continue improve upon, by military world wide, till it reach what it is today.

Below, there is two video, one is a Korean movie about that historian significant war. The other one is a short documentary from the US, talking about this ancient weapon.


A lot of modern western historians credit all early model of modern fire power base weapon to the Chinese, that is not fully accurate, all of Asia, play a hand in the invention of these weapons





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China was once the most powerful in the world, but by the 19th century something happened and they gone from the more powerful the lease powerful. So, what happened?

Well, the fact the west eventually surpass the east, took place through a series of event.

During the 17th century, the country that ruled most of modern China, the Ming Empire, was still the most powerful country in the world and generally speaking the countries within Asia was significantly more powerful, it had a first world status economy, when the Dutch went to war with China, during the 17th century, the Dutch defeated the Dutch with ease all three times. The Portuguese also went to war the Ming Empire and not only did the Portuguese lost, but when the Emperor of the Ming Empire threaten to invade Portuguese itself, the King of Portuguese right away surrender and gave in to all of the Ming Empire's demand

According to the record of former Dutch Commander Fredric Coyett that once fought the Ming Empire wrote in his memoir, the Ming troops wear thick fish skin like body armor that are so strong that they are invisible to bullets and cannon blast (modern historian test the armor and prove 17th century European bullet, really can't penetrate those 17th century Ming armor and even if you got hit by a cannon blast a then European cannon can't kill a soldier in that armor, unless he is standing right next to the place the cannon ball explode. ) and the Ming troops fire with a level of accuracy that put European troops to shame. Other soldiers also record how, the Ming cannons, fired at a range so far, that the European cannon can't even reach their infantry and the fact Ming cannon could fire from the behind the infantry, shielding the advancing troops ahead (Europe didn't have cannons capable of doing that till much later in history)

Consider the level of advancement China had over Europe, China is suppose to remain ahead of the west, even till now, so what happened?

This first begin with the Ming Empire. Throughout China's history four large Empire that ruled most of China have emerged, including the Han Empire, Tang Empire, Song Empire and Ming Empire. As a result, people in Asia have long ago learn of the important of having a decentralized government where each region function independently under a Federal government. And in all of these Empire there is the Federal, state and city government. Same as the modern US and Australia government. However, back in those days, democracy haven't been introduce to Asia yet (well, actually they already know about Democracy over 2000 years ago when Roman ambassador visited China, but they believe for a large country democracy would result in social chaos. Much like the modern US government that has three branch executive, legislative and judicatory, the Ming Empire also had three branch, however, because they didn't believe in democracy, so unlike the modern US where the legislative branch is a Senate and Congress, the legislative branch is a party of one, the Emperor. The executive branch is separated into three independent branches, which the Emperor has no control of, but the chancellor of each executive branch is appointed by the Emperor, thus the Emperor still have indirect control of each branch, the State is run by a governor and the city is run by the mayor, once again, because they didn't believe in democracy, the governor and mayor served both as the executive and legislative branch for the region he control.

As a result the governor and mayor are much more powerful then modern governors and mayors and without democracy it meant, the people cannot supervise the government, the way modern democracy can. As a result, the Ming Empire set up a supervising branch within the executive branch of the Federal government, one of its main job is to supervise governor and mayors and respond to any grievance from the public, accusing mayor and governor of incompetence or misusing their power. The Emperor frequently appoint himself to be the Chancellor of this branch. And within the branch they set up the Imperial cloth agency, who act as the eye and ears of the Emperor to supervise regional government officials, they have their own police and court and has the power to trial and sentence any regional government official, to the full extend of the law. During the later years of the Ming Empire, this branch was been removed and without a body to supervise regional government officials, corruption and misuse of power went unsupervised.

Another issue rose and that was the war with the Qing Empire of Manchuria.

The Ming and Qing Empire had the same level of technological standard, although the Ming Empire was wealthier. The Qing Empire was on the verge of economic collapse, due to hostile climate, of their region making things difficult for their agriculture industry. The Qing Empire had two option (1) to focus on industrialization or (2) to invade the Ming Empire for their more fertile soil. The Qing Empire choose the second.

In warfare the Ming Empire and the Qing Empire had the most advanced weapon of their time, in comparison to the rest of the world they were like the US, Soviet Union, Great Britain and Japan of their days. But the Ming Empire was still slightly more powerful then the Qing Empire, in terms of military technology and the Ming Empire was wealthier. However, the Ming Empire's commander and troops are not very well trained in fighting offensive warfare, this is because they culturally believe unless they are doing it in self defense, conquering is a sin and if they conquer they would be punished by the gods (which is the why they never conquer, despite been the most powerful country of the 17th century) So, although they have no problem launching a successful offensive campaign against a military significantly less powerful then they are e.g. the Portuguese or the Dutch, when dealing with military of similar technological standard, the Ming Empire didn't stand a chance, in an offensive warfare. However, they were very good at fighting defensive warfare and they made good use of their man made defense line of the Great Wall of China. The Qing Empire on the other hand was much better at fighting offensive warfare, but their economy can't sustain a long term offensive campaign, as a result, the Ming and Qing Empire's war went into stalemate, the Ming Empire had a more powerful navy and control the sea. Knowing the Qing Empire is economically struggling, the Ming Empire plan to quarantine the Qing Empire until their economic collapse, then defeating the Qing Empire, would be easy.

The Ming Empire's technique would have worked also, If it wasn't because there was rebel forces within the Ming Empire itself. The Rebels was sick of the increase corruption issue within the Empire, after the supervising house of the executive branch of the Federal government was been dissolved. Many people want that branch of the government back, but without the existence of that branch the Emperor was getting out of touch with the people. When one of the state's governor in north western Ming Empire became really corrupt, the people of that state ha enough, the mayors of the state band together and led the peasants to overthrow the state's governor and marched into the capital The unexpected attack on the capital led the Ming Empire into a state of anarchy. The Ming Commander that hold off the Qing Empire of Manchuria strike a deal with the Qing Emperor and deflected. Qing troops marched into the Ming Empire, wiped out the rebels and seized control of Northern China, within the next 20 years, they would gradually seize control of Southern China also.

The Qing Empire would eventually also conquer Taiwan, Tibet, Mongolia and Xian Jiang. Because the Qing Empire are foreign conquer, they always fear regional force would rebel. As a result, the Qing Empire believe in government centralization, to the Federal and the power of the Federal government power is centralized to the Emperor. The Qing Empire firstly dramatically decreased the power of state government and city government, and give all of those power to the Federal. A highly centralized government system doesn't work for a large organization, whether it is a country, company or military. It is like a General going into battle and every decision has to be made by the General himself, with the regional commanders having no power at all. The General could be easily overwhelm. Even more, the Qing Empire combine the legislative, executive and judiciary bench of the government all into one house, run not by a Chancellor appointed by the Emperor, but by the Emperor himself. This mean a lot of work load for the Emperor. The British once refer to the Qing Empire's government as a giant ship with only one sailor, the ship normally run very smoothly, but when the sailor became just a little bit dizzy, the entire ship would sank. And that was exactly what happened during the late 18th century.

During the 18th century, the Qing Empire was runned by Emperor Chanlong. Emperor Chanlong was originally one of the wisest Emperor of the Qing Empire reached old age. During the years of Emperor Changlong rule, he the land under the Qing Empire rule, into the wealthiest in recorded human history. Westerners travel to the Qing Empire recorded how even a bricklayer in the Qing Empire during that time, could on a weekly basis afford to eat feast that in the west, only the royals could afford. However, in Chanlong elderly years, he no longer is able to think straight. Knowing he has aged, he appointed one of his advisers name Hasang as sectary of state and eventually hang over all running of the Qing Empire's affair to him and Chanlong simply stamp whatever decision Hasang wanted to pass.

However, Hasang proven to be problematic and corrupt. And Chanlong whom no longer operate state affair, became out of touch with life, outside the palace. During Chanlong's era.

During the 18th century the Qing Empire originally made their fortune due to their high technological standard. During the era of the Ming Empire, China had already gone through their own Eastern version of Industrial revolution, by firstly creating government run industrial company, encourage importing and exporting firms, both with the international community and cross state. The industrial revolution in Ming Empire was successful, during the 17th century, Portuguese sailor recorded how in China, high class industrial goods are produce at an affordable prices, where the same good can only be affordable to royals in the west, in Asia the same good, is affordable even to the poorest peasants there is. During the 18th century, due to increase cost efficient and safety of ocean travel, goods from Asia, can now be sold to even more places, including America and Europe, at cheaper and larger quantity, then before. In addition to the high demand of Asian good, the Qing Empire almost overnight transform to everybody as a million air,

However, during the 18th century, Europe was starting their own industrial revolution and by the late 18th century it was also becoming successful. Thus, it resulted in a decrease in demand for Chinese good. However, not wanting the Emperor to know that the economy was not as powerful under rule Hasang kept the truth from Chanlong and the wasteful spending of the Qing Empire continue, to make matter worse, due to the extreme wealth of 18th century Qing Empire, the Qing Empire saw a sudden boom in population with people giving birth and foreign immigrants, it was recorded, the Qing Empire was getting immigrants from as far west as Great Britain and as far South as modern South Africa. Hasang fail to adapt his economic policy to the increase in population and decrease demand of Chinese good. Leading to huge job lost throughout China.

In addition Hasang was well known for corruption and as a result, under his rule there was increase corruption throughout the Qing Empire, the worse of all was in Goungzhou, which was the main import harbor of the Qing Empire. Seen the increase corruption the Europeans and the Goungzhou officials started working together to conduct illegal drug smuggling, into China, the smuggling of Opium. During the 18th century, Opium was much like today's morphine, but the corruption meant drug dealers can now have access to these drugs that is suppose to be reserve for medical use and allow anybody to smoke opium.

Angry at the massive job loose and years after years of disastrous policies people throughout the Empire, started wanting to kick the Qing Empire back into Manchuria. Throughout the era of Qing Empire, there have always been people that wanted to kick the Qing Empire back to Manchuria, but because the Qing Empire was doing such a good job running the country, people tolerated it. Now, people wanted to kick the Manchurian back to Manchuria, fearing the possibility that people of China might work with foreign powers to overthrow the Empire, Chanlong order increase sanction against foreigners and foreigners are no longer allow to immigrate to China and new immigrants are encouraged to leave.

This policy meant China missed out on new technology, although China's industrial revolution began a few hundred years prior to Europe, it also meant when their industrial revolution began, they were relying on significantly more ancient technology, despite they continue to improve the technology they use for industrialization throughout the years, the cutting contact with the outside world mean, new technology that provide new potential are not been passed into the Qing Empire, these include the steam engine, invented in the west and was the prime mover in the successful of western industrial revolution, by the 19th century, the steam engine machinery was proven to be the best in the world, in industrial tool, China once again missed out on the chance to import this technology. While the rest of the world is now using this new technology China missed out. The demand on Chinese good drop even further and with the world technology in all arena continue to increase, China continue to move at a extremely slow rate, due to the policy of closing their door at the world, in China, the decrease demand of Chinese good, through export cost even more job lost. People were angry.

Seen the serious problem of the Qing Empire, Chanlong's son Jiasing, managed to persuade his father to retire and let him become Emperor. The first thing Jiasing did once he became Emperor is to arrest and investigate Sectary of State Hasang and found that Hasang was so corrupt that the money he gain from corruption made him the wealthiest man in all of Qing Empire. However, after riding the Empire of Hasang, Jiasing still had to deal with the train rack, cause by Hasang's rule, there was economic issue with people loosing their jobs everywhere, there was corruption issue, throughout the Empire and the Opium smuggling rings of Gongzhou is going insane and one issue Jiasing wasn't aware of is how the world's technology was rapidly improving with the Qing Empire been left behind.

However, just like how the British once foretold saying the centralized government structure of the Qing Empire is like a large ship that would sank the second its single sailor became dizzy, Jiasing found himself as the single sailor of that quickly sinking ship, due to the previous sailor been dizzy and this ship is far too big for one man, to stop it from sinking. During Jiasing rule, he found he could only slow down the deteriorating state of the Qing Empire, but can't stop it. This is much due to the highly centralized government structure of the Qing Empire to rule such a large country and with all of the federal government's duty rest upon the shoulder of the Emperor, along. Still fearing the angry mob that want to kick the Qing Empire back to Manchuria, Jiasing also insist on segregation, not allowing foreign people into Qing Empire's soil.

By the mid 19th century, the Opium issue was proven to be getting out of hand, Emperor Jiasing's successor, Emperor Douggoung, order extreme measure to end the Opium problem, resulted in the Opium war where the British invaded China. The most interesting thing about the Opium war is that while most people believe it is due to western technological superiority against the east, if you study all the sources, you realized that wasn't the case. Instead, the corruption in Qing Empire became so bad, that the army literally refused to go into battle, thus the assign magistrate of the Qing Empire, must rely on the regional police force to fight the British army. It was well recorded during the time, that people in China was shocked when they saw the Qing military refusing to go into battle against the invading British, leaving the job of defending, to the local police force, armed with only outdated cannons, swords and bows and arrows and when the British came on shore, instead of fighting, the Qing troops simply left the scene of battle. Leaving the battle once again to the local police force. The extreme corruption issue also meant, despite the continue defeat, the magistrate continue to send message back to the Emperor, saying they are winning, by the time the Emperor realized his army have been avoiding battle, leaving their job to the police whom are constantly been defeated by the British, it was too late. Thus Emperor Douggong had no choice but to give Hong Kong to the British.

Because the Qing government has a centralized government structure, ruling a very large country and the Emperor can't be everywhere, the Emperor must rely on a company of advisers, to inform him of situations throughout the Empire, but when even the advisers are lying the Emperor motivated by corruption, the Emperor became out of touch with the people. However, evidence prove during the era of the Opium war the Qing Empire's military technology was in fact still more powerful and if the Qing military engaged the British, they would have won. This is because the British also tried to invade Taiwan. However, Taiwan was ruled under a very different policy from the rest of the Qing Empire, although in name the Qing Empire says Taiwan is a part of the Empire, in practice, they treated Taiwan as a foreign colony. Much like how the Europeans treated America and Australia, as a result Taiwan had an independent political body from the rest of the Qing Empire, although it is still subject to Qing. When the British invaded Taiwan, the Taiwan troops, defeated the British with ease and the British tried to invade twice, proving Qing military was in fact still more powerful then the British.

The fact that the military refused to fight the British leaving the job to the police, was a last straw for people in China and a major revolt to kick the Qing back to Manchuria emerged, in southern China, under the leadership of a man call Hung Shouchang. The war was successful, in pushing the Qing Empire back to Manchuria. And Hong Shouchang started running what he call the Taiping Empire. However, Hong Shouchang was in close contact with Europeans and choose to use European value to govern, this didn't settle well with people from China, as then Europe has many problematic value, especially in the arena of govern, for example the then European culture believe in King is god's given right, where in Asia people believe a country belongs to the people, thus the King must rule in public interest. But Hung Shouchang practiced the ruling of King is god's given right, anger much of his supporters and leading more and more of his men changing side to help the Qing Empire, "Better to live under the rule of a foreign King that rule in public interest, then a none foreign King that practice King is god's given right." During the era of the civil war, the Qing Empire was under the rule of Emperior Hanshan, but Emperor Hanshan died just before the civil war ended and he was replaced by Emperor Tongzee, however Emperor Tongzee was just a baby, the person who truly rule the country was his mother Cixi. The problem was Cixi was a woman that care more about securing her power, then the interest of her people and she was equally as corrupt as the government officials, with Cixi in charge all hope of a good Qing Emperor to restore the Qing Empire to its former glory is lost.

One thing the British did after the Opium war was force China to a state where they are not allow to denier access with foreign trade. As a result, China started to gain increase contact with the outside world. But with the exception of Taiwan, whom had an independent body, the rest of the Qing Empire, which is under Cixi's rule, didn't take advantage of the new technology the outside world invented, during this 100 years, where the Qing sealed from the world. In addition because Cixi was more interest in securing her own power, she have the tendency of using sex and bribe, to gain loyalty of corrupt officials, which she would then place on critical position. With a pointless existence Emperor Tongzee died at a teenager. Fearing it would mean loosing her power, Cixi order the execution of the queen and her grandson. She then adopted a random orphan boy to be her adopted son, crown him Emperor, so she could keep using the boy as a puppet Emperor, this is Emperor Gongshi.

However, Emperor Gongshi was a wise ruler. By the time he was in his late teen, Emperor Gongshi firstly gain public support and used public pressure to let Cixi let her rule. Gongshi then appointed his lover Zhanfai as his top financial advisers and started pushing for a series of reform. His strategy prove to be a success, in improving the economy and he managed to improve China's outdated military defeating the French and the Italian with ease. Gongshi also wanted to reform the Qing Empire's government structure, knowing the current system, obviously isn't working. But the reform of Gongshi anger the majority of corrupt officials within the Empire and they seek Cixi for help. Thus a major conflict between Cixi and Gongshi came to play. Cixi believe for her to secure her power, she must first rid the Qing Empire of Gongshi's man. Although Gongshi was ruling, Cixi was still the one that hold power, she started off by removing Gongshi's supporters, including Laio Mingtran, the Prime Minister of Taiwan and appointed one of her own man to be Taiwan's Prime Minister, who actively dissolved Taiwan's navy and army. In the south Cixi dissolved the Qing Empire's black flag squad an army with over fifteen thousand troops and the second most powerful army of the time, whom defeated the French, twice. In the North Cixi moved to cripple the Baiyoung navel fleet headed by Gongshi's sectary of state Lee Hongzhan, the Baiyoung fleet was the 8th most powerful navy of their day. Cixi order for budget from the fleet to be continue to be scraped to build her private royal garden, which cost over 4 million modern US dollar a year, to maintain, as a result the Baiyoung fleet was serious crippled due to lack of funding, its sailors lack training, its warship lack ammo, its soldier are so poor many lower ranking soldier has to be part time beggars, just so they can afford to buy food and their ship lack serious maintenance. However, Gongshi showed over confident in the fleet, after they defeated the Italians and went against Lee Hungzhan's council and went to war with Japan, to help Korea again Japanese invasion, leading to disastrous result for Gongshi, with the last of Gongshi's military supporter gone, Cixi order the troops loyal to her to execute every single supporter of Gongshi within the Qing Empire's government and Gongshi was placed under house arrest within the forbidden city, to the Chinese public Cixi said Gongshi is sick, to the foreigners Cixi said, Gonshi prefer sex with female servants of the palace and Cixi started ruling on Gongshi's behalf. But Cixi's rule continue to be one that care more about securing her own power then public interest and within the palace she spend money wastefully, while in society people are starving to death due to economic cripple.

To further secure her power, Cixi worked with a cult known as the boxers, and used them in the same way as Hitler used the SS. The boxers claim to be possess by gods and invisible to mortal weapons and used the anti Imperialism spirit of the time, to target Christians and white people.

Later, Cixi decided to send the boxers against the international community, when the United States, British and Japanese wanted to force her to give power back to Gongshi. This resulted in the Boxer rebellion war. Where the Boxers proven to be useless. Seen the boxers as useless, Cixi order Qing troops to fight the foreigners. Qing troops pushed advancing foreign troops back to the harbor. The foreign forces used their navy as cover (Due to Cixi crippling the bayoung fleet leading it to be defeated while fighting Japan, the Qing Empire now has no navy.) and wait for reinforcement. When reinforcement come the military order to retreat from the harbor, moved back and regroup to form a new line to push the foreign force back again. However, Cixi decide to use the Qing troops as her personal body guard and escort her to Tibet, the furthest place away from the fighting, the commanders loyal to Cixi disobey Gongshi's order to go help evacuate civilians and followed Cixi plan and let foreign troops loot throughout North Eastern China. The only country that didn't loot was the United States, which disallow their troops from doing so. After the boxer rebellion war, the people of China had enough and wanted to rid China of Cixi.

Soon China declare independent from Qing Empire and formed the Republic of China, when Cixi send troops to fight the newly form Republic of China, the Qing defense minister Yuan Sikai, decided to seize power and ally with the Republic of China to force the Qing Empire to hang power to the Republic of China. Then he pressure the Republic of China's president to elect him as President. The original President of Republic of China Sun Yetsan know, for China to reform, there is a need for major reform to government, and he reference the structure of the United States and previous successful Empire in China history, including the Han Empire and Ming Empire. First, Sun Yetsan believe the government structure must return to the decentralization, of Ming Empire with Federal, state and city, under city Sun Yetsan add an extra government level, suburb, due to the increase in population since the Ming Empire fall. Sun Yetsan policy saw early success, but before major result can be seen, China was hit by world war two, follow by war against Communist.

While many people today believe China has rose again, people who know this part of China's history question it, because to secure their power, the Communist re install the centralized government system once they seized power, although the corruption issue of the Qing Empire era, saw certain improvement during Republic of China rule, those improvement seized, once the Communist took over and, in many way, return to the same status of 19th century Qing Empire era.
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Japanese TV prank

April 15th 2014 08:23
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How do you know you are getting old

April 14th 2014 00:59
1. When you realized 18 years old no longer share your view of how everything today are getting more expensive.

2. When you find the new pop songs that come out today to be lame and noisy.

3. When you realized your favor teen pop star's son, is graduating from university or is arrested for drug smuggling.

4. When you started to find anybody under the age of 20 is sooooooooo childish.

5. When people start asking you whether you are married and have kids yet.

6. When you realized your kid will be starting high school next week.

7. When you realized you have more and more gray hair

8. When you realized young people started referring WW2, as ancient history, as ancient as the America civil war

9. When you realized your kids are referring to your favor pop song or TV show to be lame oldies from the dinosaur age.

10. When you want to play your old mix tape from university and realize no electronic store, sell radios that plays cassette tape anymore
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1. King is god's given right (Pre Modern Europe)

2. Characteristic self identification sub category Religion (Parts of India and parts of middle east)

Characteristic self identification is when a culture or a society, pick one particular characteristic e.g. race, religion, culture, language, hair color, left hander or right hander etc. And distinguish those whom are of the same characteristic are one of us and the rest are the others disregards to circumstances, sometime even say the rest are the enemy. Characteristic self identification encourage, hate and civil wars within a country.

In the middle east and India, parts of the region believe in characteristic self identification sub category religion. in recent years result in civil war and nation been torn apart, in India soon after the British left, India was torn into two state, the Indo dominated India and Muslim dominated Pakistan. In Lebanon it has result it civil war with Jews vs Muslim vs Christian. (In other word, country been torn apart and civil war occur due to a stupid and meaningless reason)

3. Characteristic self identification Anti Albino (Brazil)

This self identification emerged in Brazil, despite the fact people from Brazil are predominantly white, few of them are Albino and a Characteristic self identification that is Anti Albino emerged in Brazil, in Brazil Albino people frequently get discriminated against and are frequently unemployed, as employers refuse to hire them.

4. Characteristic self identification sub category race, culture & heritage (communist China)

After the Communist seized power, they fear Chinese working with people from other country to over throw the Communist, they also fear people of China united against the communist, so they started promoting Characteristic self identification sub category race, culture and heritage, To firstly pitch Chinese against each other, as there are over 56 indigenous culture and heritage group in China, 2 indigenous racial group (Indigenous Chinese at north western Xian Jiang province, are predominantly white. The more we move to the north of Xian Jiang the more white Chinese we start to see. The Communist 60 years of brain washing, result in a situation where early 2000, racial tension explode between Asian race Chinese and white race Chinese, in Xian Jiang province, many suspect the racial riot, was secretly motivated by the Communist region and the Communist did nothing to stop the rioters.) It also prevent Chinese from ally with other country against the Communist, most other country have different racial majority, culture majority and heritage group majority with China.

5. Characteristic self identification sub category Race (Pre modern Europe, Vietnam and India)

Believing those whom are of the same race are one of us and the rest are others, disregards to circumstances, dominated value in Europe starting from the dark ages till the early 20th century. Also see certain tendency to these values in India and Vietnam.

The believe create racial base tension, between white and none white, because it is hard to keep in mind that the tension is not really between race, but between people who believe in characteristic self identification sub category race and those whom are other race to them, rather then a relationship between white people vs none white. The racial tension created by Europeans who believe in Characteristic sub category race, result in a situation where even today there are some African Americans who don't allow their daughters to marry a white person and in parts of Africa and Middle East, people hate anybody that is white.

Common trade demonstrated amount people who believe in Characteristic self Identification sub category race include 1. Only associate with those whom are of the same race 2. Only allowing their children to marry people of their own race. 3. Hating people of different race

But just like any form of characteristic self identification (including the religion characteristic self identification of middle east and India, the anti albino characteristic self identification of Brazil, race, culture and heritage characteristic self identification promoted by Communist China), race characteristic self identification, is stupid and meaning less

6. Social ranking believe (Pre modern Europe, modern India)

A man made social hierarchy that put people in different rank and believe those of one rank to be better then another simply because they rank higher in this social constructed hierarchy. In pre modern Europe for example there is the commoners, knights, and royals. Despite those are problematic view, abandon by modern Europeans, its still influence can still be seen, for example, the term Royal and commoners are still frequently been used, which is highly inappropriate and the correct reference should be royals and none royals.
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