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The War of Arts is a military classic and is the base of all modern military technique. But this book is written in ancient Chinese, therefore making it very difficult to understand. Recently, I found the original abstract of the book been translate to modern Mandarin and here, I am going to translate it into English.

Abstract of Chapter 1: General Principle

War is an affair of the state, it is vital to the survival of the soldiers and the state, therefore, it must be seriously exam.

There are five main topic to consider in warfare, including
1. people
2. Weather
3. Geography
4. Commander
5. Law


People

During the time of war, the people must be of a single mind, whether it is a peasant or the king. Only like this, can the people fight for the cause of the King, not fearing death.

Enviorment

Environment consider the timing, it need to consider the weather and temperature and change technique accordingly (during WW2 Hitler's forces was advancing into Russia, collapsing the Russian military with ease. But by the time of winter, Hitler refuse his commander's advice, to set up camp and defensive position, till spring and order for the troops to continue advance. However, German tanks and supply trucks are not design for the extreme cold weather of Russia, making the continue advance difficult, and Russians was able to make a decisive success, using a mid night raid, with soldiers still going into battle on horse backs, causing so much damage to the Germans that afterwards, German troops continue to get push back, by Russians)

Geography

Geography include considering the distance to travel, whether the terrain is dangerous or plan, the shape of the battle field and how well do they suit attack and defense.

Commander

The Commander's wisdom, technique and ability, he must know when to punish a solider and when to reward a soldier, he must love his solider, but must be brave and can't hesitate to make a decision and the discipline of his troops must be strong.

Law

Law include the structure of the military, which commander is responsible for what and the the management of military supplies.

To win a war, the commander must know all five, to know them all is the key of victory, fail to know them, you will be defeated.

As a result, of the five above, we need to consider the following seven to determine whether the war would be successful,(1) which country's leader is wiser? (2) Which country's commander is better? (3) which side have the advantage in weather, time, geography and interest? (4) Which side is more discipline? (5) which military have greater strength? (6) Whose soldier are better train? (7) And which side are clear in reward and punishment?

If you make examining base on the seven above, you can estimate, which side would win the war. If you would listen to my technique and command, then we would succeed and I will stay. if you won't listen to me, then you would loose and I will leave.

Once the technique that have an advantage have been listen to, then the important thing is strength. As it is important to add to the success rate of the war.

Strength is whether under the circumstances it is a good idea to take action.

Using soldier to fight, is really an art of deception. So, when you are able to attack, you must pretend to be helpless, when you plan to use a person, you must pretend you don't want to use him. When you are planning to attack, you must pretend you aren't attacking. When you are planning to act near, you must pretend you more moving far away, if you are planning to act far away, you must pretend to act close.

When facing a greedy enemy, you must use minor interest to attract him. When dealing with an enemy that is in a state of chaos, you should attack him. (When Britain conquer India, India was in fact a more powerful country then Britain, but was at a state of civil war, thus making them vulnerable to British invasion.) When you are dealing with an enemy that is strong in strength, you must be cautious of him. If your enemy is stronger then you, you must avoid him. Facing an enemy that is easily anger, you must try to anger him. Dealing with a enemy that look down upon you (e.g racial prejudice) you must encourage their prejudice, therefore let their guard down, (during the war with the Crusaders, the Crusaders became over confident in victory, believing they can't loose with god on their side. Thus made numerous error in judgement. During the early years of WW2, the influence of white supremacy value, led the allies to serious undermine the Japanese, resulting in many unnecessary casualties and defeats for the allies, in the Japanese hand) Facing a well rested enemy, you must try to make them tire. When the enemy have internal harmony, you must try to create tension between their people. (One of the main reason US lost the Vietnam war, is a lack of public support on the home front.) You should attack your enemy, when they are not prepared, you should attack them, under circumstances where they lest expected. This are all important principle, in achieving victory.

Before battle begin, if you are able to have a policy better then your enemy, it would be because you've done in depth research, if you done more in depth research then you are more likely to come up with good policies. If you fail to do in depth research into the topic, you are more likely to make bad policies. Therefore, more in depth research would greatly increase your chance of success, but a lack of research would greatly decrease your chance of success. But if your research is flawed, then you have no chance of success. Just by looking into the pre war research of both side, we can easily estimate who will succeed. (During WW2, Hitler's air force, made numerous error in judgement, due to faulty research, as German air force, fighter pilots frequently report themselves to have shot down more enemy plan, they the real number been taken down)

If you done your home work in prior, conduct in depth analysis, comparison and planning, then if you have the stronger army, then you could gain up to 90% of success, even when you have an inferior army, you still might gain up to 60% to 70% of success. However, if you lack analysis, comparison and planning, then your can at most gain up to 50% of success and in real combat, your success rate is close to zero. So, without even battle, we can predict the victor

(In 1790 the primitive native Americans army led by General Michikinikwa, defeated the modernized US army led by General Josiah Harmar, living prove of the fact that it is totally possible, for a significantly inferior army, to defeat an army, centuries ahead of it)
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A Malaysia Airlines jet carrying 295 people has crashed in east Ukraine on a flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur.

There are no signs of survivors at the scene of the crash near the village of Grabovo, in rebel-held territory close to the border with Russia.

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Emergency workers, police officers and even off-duty coal miners — dressed in overalls and covered in soot — spread out across sunflower fields and tiny Ukrainian villages Friday, searching through the wreckage of the Malaysian plane shot down as it flew miles above the country's battlefield.

The downing killed 298 people from nearly a dozen nations. By midday, 181 bodies had been located, according to emergency workers at the sprawling crash site.

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Ukraine and Russia traded accusations after U.S. intelligence officials said a surface-to-air missile hit a Malaysia Airlines passenger plane carrying 298 people on Thursday.

Amid increasing international calls for an investigation into what brought down flight MH17 over the troubled region of eastern Ukraine, Thursday, U.S. Vice President Joe Biden said the plane crash was "not an accident," adding that it was "blown out of the sky."

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The US has pointedly criticised Russian arming of rebels in Ukraine as the world demanded answers over the shooting down of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 by a suspected Russian-made missile, resulting in the death of all 298 people on board the civilian airliner.

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UKRAINIAN security services claim to have intercepted two phone conversations in which pro-Russian separatists discuss having just shot down a civilian plane.

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AN angry Prime Minister Tony Abbott has demanded an independent inquiry into the downing of a Malaysian jetliner after criticising Russia’s response as being “deeply, deeply unsatisfactory.”

“I have to tell you that the initial response of the Russian ambassador was to blame Ukraine for this, and I have to say that this is deeply, deeply unsatisfactory,” he said, saying the crash was “not an accident, but a crime”.

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At least one Canadian was among the 298 people on board a Malaysian passenger airliner that senior U.S officials say was shot down by a surface-to-air missile Thursday near the border of Ukraine and Russia.

U.S. Vice-President Joe Biden said the plane's downing was "not an accident" and said the jet had been "blown out of the sky."

Several U.S. news agencies reported that according to senior U.S. officials, the plane had been shot down by a surface-to-air missile. But the officials were not sure who had launched the missile.

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